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David Bell
David Bell

How Rap Works In Hamilton Part 2: Metaphor [CRACKED]

So that bias declared, I would like to challenge a strong implication of your piece--namely that Miranda--the best hope we've got--has to address every racial and sexual critique that might be made, in one show, on the shoulders of one (very talented but still one) man. As an artist of color myself (I'm a novelist), it drives me crazy when (imperfect, as is all art) works are critqiued for the many, many things they might not have accomplished on these fronts. As you note, only us folks are asked to do this--and yes of course we bear more weight and obligation. But each artist of color is only, ultimately, who they can be. Spike Lee gets a lot of this kind of commentary too. No one artist will ever meet the standard set by this kind of essay. It's crucial to keep in mind that this is a singular work, filtered through a singular mind, that is going to come out of the consciousness of that one person. I would add that while I think you and other feminist critics do have a point about some of the content. (I don't much like that couplet "she turned red/led me to her bed/let her legs spread") , that applying the Bechdel test to this particular work is unfair. It is what it is and it's focused on the founding fathers--should "Fun Home" be fairer to straight people? Something like that could logically be an extension of your argument. (an aside, Miranda has indicated that he is open to gender-neutral casting in the future. While the economics of Broadway make that unlikely in that venue, he has made this statement).

How Rap Works in Hamilton Part 2: Metaphor


yeah, another 2 minutes would have killed us. therefore leave out the 3rd sister who was part of hamilton's live albeit not romantically. of course we don't really know how burr suddenly got a baby either.and it's closer to 2.5 hours.

neither is it about slavery without which none of this would have happend. immigrants are glorified even if they [ and lets face it, they were ALL immigrants/invaders ] build their entire lives and success on nefarious it's nice to have diversity ectr but i fear that the only people taking this apart properly are already aware of issues [ that go so far past immigrant struggles in a country build on genocide, kidnap,torture, and exploitation while going on about freedom and equality.]but who knows, thinks of, cares about the cute jefferson having 600 slaves, treating them badly, regularly ''making sweet love too'' a teenage girl, who's also a slave, and stayed a slave after bearing him 5 children, among the handful he ever set free. not her.his diatribes on the inferiority of the african race, his very serious racism and declarations that if emancipated they should be outlaws.the show does glorify a driven, workaholic, immigrant. and makes him look darker, and at the end gives his wife some credit.who works hard to preserve his legacy, his,his,his. lucky for the orphans though.and it might get a few people thinking, and many more will just be once again have their opinion confirmed that the usa is great.the price of tea? where did that tea come from, how was it produced? in the same way as their sugar, nearly.

I love it when a person who admires a work is able to clearly see what it does *not* do. I myself look more closely at the works I love and respect *because* I think they have something to offer. This is honoring the text. If I walk away congratulating myself on attending a "revolution" ... then I have have in fact failed to participate in that process of revolving. It's important to see what is there -- in the play, and in myself. Thank you for helping me to see these things more clearly.

For example, the Tate Gallery's online art glossary states that collage "was first used as an artists' technique in the twentieth century".[7] According to the Guggenheim Museum's online art glossary, collage is an artistic concept associated with the beginnings of modernism, and entails much more than the idea of gluing something onto something else. The glued-on patches which Braque and Picasso added to their canvases offered a new perspective on painting when the patches "collided with the surface plane of the painting".[8] In this perspective, collage was part of a methodical reexamination of the relation between painting and sculpture, and these new works "gave each medium some of the characteristics of the other", according to the Guggenheim essay. Furthermore, these chopped-up bits of newspaper introduced fragments of externally referenced meaning into the collision: "References to current events, such as the war in the Balkans, and to popular culture enriched the content of their art." This juxtaposition of signifiers, "at once serious and tongue-in-cheek", was fundamental to the inspiration behind collage: "Emphasizing concept and process over end product, collage has brought the incongruous into meaningful congress with the ordinary."[8]

The Sidney Janis Gallery held an early Pop Art exhibit called the New Realist Exhibition in November 1962, which included works by the American artists Tom Wesselmann, Jim Dine, Robert Indiana, Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, George Segal, and Andy Warhol; and Europeans such as Arman, Baj, Christo, Yves Klein, Festa, Mimmo Rotella, Jean Tinguely, and Schifano. It followed the Nouveau Réalisme exhibition at the Galerie Rive Droite in Paris, and marked the international debut of the artists who soon gave rise to what came to be called Pop Art in Britain and The United States and Nouveau Réalisme on the European continent. Many of these artists used collage techniques in their work.Wesselmann took part in the New Realist show with some reservations,[11] exhibiting two 1962 works: Still life #17 and Still life #22.

Another technique is that of canvas collage, which is the application, typically with glue, of separately painted canvas patches to the surface of a painting's main canvas. Well known for use of this technique is British artist John Walker in his paintings of the late 1970s, but canvas collage was already an integral part of the mixed media works of such American artists as Conrad Marca-Relli and Jane Frank by the early 1960s. The intensely self-critical Lee Krasner also frequently destroyed her own paintings by cutting them into pieces, only to create new works of art by reassembling the pieces into collages.

In the early part of the 20th century, decoupage, like many other art methods, began experimenting with a less realistic and more abstract style. 20th-century artists who produced decoupage works include Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse. The most famous decoupage work is Matisse's Blue Nude II.

Rowe and Koetter were not, however, championing collage in the pictorial sense, much less seeking the types of disruptions of meaning that occur with collage. Instead, they were looking to challenge the uniformity of Modernism and saw collage with its non-linear notion of history as a means to reinvigorate design practice. Not only does historical urban fabric have its place, but in studying it, designers were, so it was hoped, able to get a sense of how better to operate. Rowe was a member of the so-called Texas Rangers, a group of architects who taught at the University of Texas for a while. Another member of that group was Bernhard Hoesli, a Swiss architect who went on to become an important educator at the ETH-Zurich. Whereas for Rowe, collage was more a metaphor than an actual practice, Hoesli actively made collages as part of his design process. He was close to Robert Slutzky, a New York-based artist, and frequently introduced the question of collage and disruption in his studio work.

The Hunting Party is the sixth studio album by American rock band Linkin Park. The album, produced by band members Mike Shinoda and Brad Delson, was released by Warner Bros. Records and Machine Shop on June 13, 2014. It is the first album since Meteora (2003) not to be produced with Rick Rubin, who produced the band's previous three studio albums. The title The Hunting Party is a contextual metaphor: Linkin Park is the party that is hunting to bring back the energy and soul of rock.

The title of the album, The Hunting Party, is a contextual metaphor. The album, a return to the band's original harder rock-centric sounds, represents the band's desire to not only create something different from other rock bands, but to also bring back the "energy and soul" of rock itself, and that Linkin Park are the party that will hunt for that energy and soul.[33] Shinoda elaborated on the title of the album in an interview with Kerrang! explaining: "We got so sick of other bands trying to be other bands and playing it safe the whole time, so the album name comes from a theory about culture becoming too passive, everyone just standing around waiting for opportunities to come to them instead of going out and getting theirs. I'm aware there are always going to be heavier bands than us, but The Hunting Party is Linkin Park going out and getting it for ourselves."[26] The inspiration for the title came from a news article Shinoda read online about a Japanese writer's concerns about today's growing society. The writer described the young men of today as "herbivores", and explained how they are essentially grazing, waiting for an opportunity to come to them, rather than hunting for it.[32]

Davidson is not formulating any theory of metaphor. He is trying to say that, if the solution of scholars is to postulate a metaphorical meaning, then this particular kind of meaning does not fall into the realm of semantics and, if it does not fall into that realm, it is not something that can be examined with his theory of meaning. In this respect, Davidson is absolutely right, and what I wanted to show here is that his position on metaphors is perfectly consistent with his semantics.

As we saw in the previous Section, the choice of categories can be converted into the choice of appreciative behaviours. With this in mind, the origin of a category can be described in two phases. In the institutionalizing phase, critics attempt various appreciative behaviours. As mentioned above, critics, who confront each other, have incentives for both their preferences and agreements. Over a pioneering work, some prefer to Z1; while others prefer to Z2. Here, the critics should be taken in a broad sense. The theoretician-inclined artists would often be the first critics of their works, promoting specific behaviours. Categories like Nouvelle Vague and the Readymade were thus theoretically driven by the artists. In the institutionalized phase, a particular strategy is established as the correct appreciative behaviour for the artwork: collectively choosing that behaviour becomes a rule-in-equilibrium. 041b061a72


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